The macular degeneration is a medical condition related to aging and those who are greatly affected by it are older adults. This condition cold result to visual loss. What makes macular degeneration different from other vision impairing diseases? The difference is that this causes the loss of the center field of vision. This part of the eyes is called macula and due to the retina damage, loss of vision will happen. The two forms are wet and dry. This often happens to people who are over the age of fifty.
Because the macular degeneration affects that central vision, a person who has this may have difficulty in recognizing places and people and they will have hard time reading. The good thing is that, the peripheral vision is still intact and the person can still continue with his or her daily routine. The dry version of macular degeneration is also called nonexudative which is caused by the buildup of debris in the choroid and retina. The debris that buildup between the retina and choloid in the dry form is Drusen that causes the retina to be detached and can cause the symptoms of blindness.
Macular degeneration in dry form is also called as exudative and it causes the blood vessel to grow behind the retina. It grows in the choroid. The macular degeneration is this form can be treated using medication and laser coagulation. With the help of this treatment it can either stop or in other cases it can reverse the growth of the blood vessel that causes this condition.
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If you see any yellow deposits in the macula, then you have to know that this is the sign of macular degeneration. The yellow deposits are made up of drusen.
For a lot of people who are in the early stage of may not notice any difference when it comes to their eyesight. The person may only notice that they have the condition when it becomes worst and the deposit has already increased. There is a theory that the yellow deposits are cholesterol but it is still unconfirmed by scientist but there is also a possibility that it will respond to cholesterol lowering treatments.
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Exudative form of age related macular degeneration or neovascular or also called as neovascular AMD is also caused by the growth of blood vessels. With this, there is a high risks that it can leak and could cause bleeding and can even cause scarring and could eventually damage and it can be irreversible. It is important that you know that with this type of macular degeneration has found a solution due to the new medications that can also help and assist in dealing with these type of AMD.